Ephesus Ancient City is an archaeological site located in present-day Turkey. It was one of the largest and most prosperous cities of the ancient world, with a population of up to 250,000 people.

It was also an important center of early Christianity and the site of one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Temple of Artemis.

Today, visitors can see the impressive ruins of the city, including the Library of Celsus, the Great Theater, and the Temple of Hadrian.

ephesus ancient city

The endurance of

Cultural Legacy

The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only one page.

Ephesus, an ancient Greek city located in present-day Turkey, was active as a city for several millennia. Its history can be traced back to the 10th century BC, and it flourished especially during the Classical Greek period in the 5th and 4th centuries BC. The city continued to be significant during Roman times, particularly from the 1st century BC to the 2nd century AD, when it was at its peak as one of the largest cities in the Roman Empire.

Ephesus maintained importance through the Byzantine era, up until the 15th century, although its prominence gradually declined due to the harbor silting up, leading to loss of its status as a major port. The city’s decline was furthered by the rise of other trade centers and geopolitical shifts in the region. By the time the Ottoman Empire came into power, Ephesus had largely been abandoned. However, its ruins remain a significant reminder.

The House of Virgin Mary

The House of the Virgin Mary (Meryemana in Turkish) is another important site often included in guided day tours of Ephesus, even though it is located a few kilometers away from the ancient city itself.

The House of the Virgin Mary is a small stone building believed by many to be the last residence of the Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus. According to Christian tradition, Saint John brought the Virgin Mary to Ephesus after the death of Jesus Christ, and it is believed that she spent her last years there.